Article


Article Code : 139307281511432759(DOI : 10.7508/jist.2013.02.002)

Article Title : Multimodal Biometric Recognition Using Particle Swarm Optimization-Based Selected Features

Journal Number : 2 Spring 2013

Visited : 1329

Files : 443 KB


List of Authors

  Full Name Email Grade Degree Corresponding Author
1 Sara Motamed Samotamed@yahoo.com Teacher Assistant PhD
2 Ali Broumandnia broumandnia@azad.ac.ir Assistant Professor PhD
3 Azamossadat Nourbakhsh Nourbakhsh@liau.ac.ir Faculty Member PhD.Student

Abstract

Feature selection is one of the best optimization problems in human recognition, which reduces the number of features, removes noise and redundant data in images, and results in high rate of recognition. This step affects on the performance of a human recognition system. This paper presents a multimodal biometric verification system based on two features of palm and ear which has emerged as one of the most extensively studied research topics that spans multiple disciplines such as pattern recognition, signal processing and computer vision. Also, we present a novel Feature selection algorithm based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). PSO is a computational paradigm based on the idea of collaborative behavior inspired by the social behavior of bird flocking or fish schooling. In this method, we used from two Feature selection techniques: the Discrete Cosine Transforms (DCT) and the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT). The identification process can be divided into the following phases: capturing the image; pre-processing; extracting and normalizing the palm and ear images; feature extraction; matching and fusion; and finally, a decision based on PSO and GA classifiers. The system was tested on a database of 60 people (240 palm and 180 ear images). Experimental results show that the PSO-based feature selection algorithm was found to generate excellent recognition results with the minimal set of selected features.