Article


Article Code : 13930805959372808(DOI : 10.7508/jist.2014.04.008)

Article Title : Joint Source and Channel Analysis for Scalable Video Coding Using Vector Quantization over OFDM System

Journal Number : 8 Autumn 2014

Visited : 717

Files : 562 KB


List of Authors

  Full Name Email Grade Degree Corresponding Author
1 Farid Jafarian farid.jafarian@birjand.ac.ir - M.Sc
2 Hassan Farsi hs_farsi@yahoo.co.uk Associate Professor PhD

Abstract

Conventional wireless video encoders employ variable-length entropy encoding and predictive coding to achieve high compression ratio but these techniques render the extremely sensitive encoded bit-stream to channel errors. To prevent error propagation, it is necessary to employ various additional error correction techniques. In contrast, alternative technique, vector quantization (VQ), which doesn’t use variable-length entropy encoding, have the ability to impede such an error through the use of fix-length code-words. In this paper, we address the problem of analysis of joint source and channel for VQ based scalable video coding (VQ-SVC). We introduce intra-mode VQ-SVC and VQ-3D-DCT SVC, which offer similar compression performance to intra-mode H.264 and 3D-DCT respectively, while offering inherent error resilience. In intra-mode VQ-SVC, 2D-DCT and in VQ-3D-DCT SVC, 3D-DCT is applied on video frames to exploit DCT coefficients then VQ is employed to prepare the codebook of DCT coefficients. In this low bitrate video codecs, high level robustness is needed against the wireless channel fluctuations. To achieve such robustness, we propose and calculate optimal codebook of VQ-SVC and optimal channel code rate using joint source and channel coding (JSCC) technique. Next, the analysis is developed for transmission of video using an OFDM system over multipath Rayleigh fading and AWGN channel. Finally, we report the performance of these schemes to minimize end-to-end distortion over the wireless channel.