Article Code : 139604312033407111(DOI : 10.7508/jist.2017.20.001)

Article Title : Design and Implementation of an Ultra-Wide Band, High Precision, and Low Noise Frequency Synthesizer

Journal Number : 20 Autumn 2017

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Files : 863 KB

List of Authors

  Full Name Email Grade Degree Corresponding Author
1 Yas Hosseini Tehrani - PhD
2 Nasser Masoumi Professor PhD


This paper presents system-level design and implementation of an ultra-wide tunable, high precision, fast locking, low phase noise, and low power portable fractional-N frequency synthesizer. The output frequency of the proposed design is ranged from 54 MHz to 6.8GHz. The VCO cores cover frequencies from 3.4GHz to 6.8GHz. The programmable output dividers allow generation of the lower frequencies. The frequency resolution of the implemented system is ±20 parts per million (ppm) over -40/85ºC. The output power is tunable between -4dBm and +5dBm. The implemented system has a phase adjust feature that allows shifting of the output phase in relation to the reference oscillator ranged from 0° to 180°. It can generate a wide range, high precision, and linear frequency sweep. The sweep rate, frequency step, and frequency range are tunable. The new frequency tuning algorithm, named Yas algorithm, is proposed to improve frequency precision of the synthesizer. To demonstrate the efficiency of the Yas algorithm, the simulation result MATLAB and the experimental measurements are presented. The system consumes 300mA; therefore, it can be powered by Li-Ion battery. The output phase noise is -95.55 dBc/Hz at 1KHz offset from 3GHz. The experimental measurement results demonstrate that the implemented frequency synthesizer can be used for applications, such as oscillator of spectrum analyzer, automatic test equipment, FMCW radars, high-performance clock source for high speed data converter