Article


Article Code : 1396050720957220(DOI : 10.7508/jist.2018.21.001)

Article Title : Confidence measure estimation for Open Information Extraction

Journal Number : 21 Winter 2018

Visited : 379

Files : 512 KB


List of Authors

  Full Name Email Grade Degree Corresponding Author
1 Vahideh Reshadat vreshadat@mut.ac.ir Teacher Assistant M.Sc
2 Maryam Hoorali mhourali@mut.ac.ir Assistant Professor PhD
3 Heshaam Faili hfailii@ut.ac.ir Professor PhD

Abstract

The prior relation extraction approaches were relation-specific and supervised, yielding new instances of relations known a priori. While effective, this model is not applicable in case when the number of relations is high or where the relations are not known a priori. Open Information Extraction (OIE) is a relation-independent extraction paradigm designed to extract relations directly from massive and heterogeneous corpora such as Web. One of the main challenges for an Open IE system is estimating the probability that its extracted relation is correct. A confidence measure shows that how an extracted relation is a correct instance of a relation among entities. This paper proposes a new method of confidence estimation for OIE called Relation Confidence Estimator for Open Information Extraction (RCE-OIE). It investigates the incorporation of some proposed features in assigning confidence metric using logistic regression. These features consider diverse lexical, syntactic and semantic knowledge and also some extraction properties such as number of distinct documents from which extractions are drawn, number of relation arguments and their types. We implemented proposed confidence measure on the Open IE systems’ extractions and examined how it affects the performance of results. Evaluations show that incorporation of designed features is promising and the accuracy of our method is higher than the base methods while keeping almost the same performance as them. We also demonstrate how semantic information such as coherence measures can be used in feature-based confidence estimation of Open Relation Extraction (ORE) to further improve the performance.