Fusion Infrared and Visible Images Using Optimal WeightsResearch Areas : Image Processing
Hassan Farsi 2
Sajad Mohammadzadeh 3
Keywords: Image fusion , Useful features, Infrared image, Vision image, weighted averaging,
Image fusion is a process in which different images recorded by several sensors from one scene are combined to provide a final image with higher quality compared to each individual input image. In fact, combination of different images recorded by different sensors is one of image fusion methods. The fusion is performed based on maintaining useful features and reducing or removing useless features. The aim of fusion has to be clearly specified. In this paper we propose a new method which combines vision and infrared images by weighting average to provide better image quality. The weighting average is performed in gradient domain. The weight of each image depends on its useful features. Since these images are recorded in night vision, the useful features are related to clear scene details. For this reason, object detection is applied on the infrared image and considered as its weight. The vision image is also considered as a complementary of infrared image weight. The averaging is performed in gradient of input images, and final composed image is obtained by Gauss-Seidel method. The quality of resulted image by the proposed algorithm is compared to the obtained images by state-of-the-art algorithms using quantitative and qualitative measures. The obtained results show that the proposed algorithm provides better image quality.