A Two-Stage Multi-Objective Enhancement for Fused Magnetic Resonance Image and Computed Tomography Brain Images
: Image Processing
A Sreedevi Asundi
Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization
Particle Swarm Optimization,
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT) are the imaging techniques for detection of Glioblastoma. However, a single imaging modality is never adequate to validate the presence of the tumor. Moreover, each of the imaging techniques represents a different characteristic of the brain. Therefore, experts have to analyze each of the images independently. This requires more expertise by doctors and delays the detection and diagnosis time. Multimodal Image Fusion is a process of generating image of high visual quality, by fusing different images. However, it introduces blocking effect, noise and artifacts in the fused image. Most of the enhancement techniques deal with contrast enhancement, however enhancing the image quality in terms of edges, entropy, peak signal to noise ratio is also significant. Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization (CLAHE) is a widely used enhancement technique. The major drawback of the technique is that it only enhances the pixel intensities and also requires selection of operational parameters like clip limit, block size and distribution function. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is an optimization technique used to choose the CLAHE parameters, based on a multi objective fitness function representing entropy and edge information of the image. The proposed technique provides improvement in visual quality of the Laplacian Pyramid fused MRI and CT images.
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