Acoustic Noise Cancellation Using an Adaptive Algorithm Based on Correntropy Criterion and Zero Norm RegularizationResearch Areas : Signal Processing
Keywords: Adaptive filter, LMS algorithm, sparse acoustic channel, zero norm, impulsive noise, correntropy,
The least mean square (LMS) adaptive algorithm is widely used in acoustic noise cancellation (ANC) scenario. In a noise cancellation scenario, speech signals usually have high amplitude and sudden variations that are modeled by impulsive noises. When the additive noise process is nonGaussian or impulsive, LMS algorithm has a very poor performance. On the other hand, it is well-known that the acoustic channels usually have sparse impulse responses. When the impulse response of system changes from a non-sparse to a highly sparse one, conventional algorithms like the LMS based adaptive filters can not make use of the priori knowledge of system sparsity and thus, fail to improve their performance both in terms of transient and steady state. Impulsive noise and sparsity are two important features in the ANC scenario that have paid special attention, recently. Due to the poor performance of the LMS algorithm in the presence of impulsive noise and sparse systems, this paper presents a novel adaptive algorithm that can overcomes these two features. In order to eliminate impulsive disturbances from speech signal, the information theoretic criterion, that is named correntropy, is used in the proposed cost function and the zero norm is also employed to deal with the sparsity feature of the acoustic channel impulse response. Simulation results indicate the superiority of the proposed algorithm in presence of impulsive noise along with sparse acoustic channel.