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      • Open Access Article

        1 - Achieving Better Performance of S-MMA Algorithm in the OFDM Modulation
        Saeed Ghazi-Maghrebi Babak Haji Bagher Naeeni Mojtaba Lotfizad
        Effective algorithms in modern digital communication systems provide a fundamental basis for increasing the efficiency of the application networks which are in many cases neither optimized nor very close to their practical limits. Equalizations are one of the preferred Full Text
        Effective algorithms in modern digital communication systems provide a fundamental basis for increasing the efficiency of the application networks which are in many cases neither optimized nor very close to their practical limits. Equalizations are one of the preferred methods for increasing the efficiency of application systems such as orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). In this paper, we study the possibility of improving the OFDM modulation employing sliced multi-modulus algorithm (S-MMA) equalization. We compare applying the least mean square (LMS), multi modulus algorithm (MMA) and S-MMA equalizations to the per tone equalization in the OFDM modulation. The paper contribution lies in using the S-MMA technique, for weight adaptation, to decreasing the BER in the OFDM multicarrier modulation. For more efficiency, it is assumed that the channel impulse response is longer than the cyclic prefix (CP) length and as a result, the system will be more efficient but at the expense of the high intersymbol interference (ISI) impairment existing. Both analysis and simulations demonstrate better performance of the S-MMA compared to LMS and MMA algorithms, in standard channels with additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) and ISI impairment simultanously. Therefore, the S-MMA equalization is a good choice for high speed and real-time applications such as OFDM based systems. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Better Performance of New Generation of Digital Video Broadcasting-terrestrial (DVB-T2) Using Alamouti scheme with Cyclic Delay Diversity
        Behnam Akbarian Saeed Ghazi-Maghrebi
        The goal of the future terrestrial digital video broadcasting (DVB-T) standard is to employ diversity and spatial multiplexing in order to achieve the fully multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channel capacity. The DVB-T2 standard targets an improved system performanc Full Text
        The goal of the future terrestrial digital video broadcasting (DVB-T) standard is to employ diversity and spatial multiplexing in order to achieve the fully multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channel capacity. The DVB-T2 standard targets an improved system performance throughput by at least 30% over the DVB-T. The DVB-T2 enhances the performance using improved coding methods, modulation techniques and multiple antenna technologies. After a brief presentation of the antenna diversity technique and its properties, we introduce the fact of the well-known Alamouti decoding scheme cannot be simply used over the frequency selective channels. In other words, the Alamouti Space-Frequency coding in DVB-T2 provides additional diversity. However, the performance degrades in highly frequency-selective channels, because the channel frequency response is not necessarily flat over the entire Alamouti block code. The objective of this work is to present an enhanced Alamouti space frequency block decoding scheme for MIMO and orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems using the delay diversity techniques over highly frequency selective channels. Also, we investigate the properties of the proposed scheme over different channels. Specifically, we show that the Alamouti scheme with using Cyclic Delay Diversity (CDD) over some particular channels has the better performance. Then, we exemplarity implement this scheme to the DVB-T2 system. Simulation results confirm that the proposed scheme has lower bit error rate (BER), especially for high SNRs, with respect to the standard Alamouti decoder over highly frequency-selective channels such as single frequency networks (SFN). Furthermore, the new scheme allows a high reliability and tolerability. The other advantages of the proposed method are its simplicity, flexibility and standard compatibility with respect to the conventional methods. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Low Complex Standard Conformable Transceiver based on Doppler Spread for DVB-T2 Systems
        Saeed Ghazi-Maghrebi Behnam Akbarian
        This paper addresses a novel Alamouti space-frequency block decoding scheme with discontinuous Doppler diversity (DDoD) and cyclic delay diversity (CDD). We investigate different antenna diversity concepts, which can be applied to orthogonal frequency division multiplex Full Text
        This paper addresses a novel Alamouti space-frequency block decoding scheme with discontinuous Doppler diversity (DDoD) and cyclic delay diversity (CDD). We investigate different antenna diversity concepts, which can be applied to orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems over highly frequency selective channels. The main object of this research is standard compatibility and the effect of simple diversity techniques on the channel fading properties. Therefore, we analyze a receiver in terms of the effective channel transfer function, which leads to the possibility of optimizing diversity. Besides, a novel transceiver using DDoD is proposed, which increases the Doppler spread of the multipath fading channel without causing additional Intercarrier Interference (ICI). Moreover, an efficient Alamouti encoder and decoder based on CDD is proposed, which allows a high reliability and capacity enhancement. In order to evaluate the capability of that, we have implemented this scheme for the second-generation terrestrial video broadcasting (DVB-T2) system over different channels. Furthermore, mathematical analysis and simulation results show the bit error performance of the modified encoding method with these diversity techniques, performs mostly better than the other forms of encoding Alamouti over highly frequency-selective channels such as single frequency networks (SFN). The other advantages of the proposed method are simplicity, flexibility, and standard compatibility. Manuscript Document