• OpenAccess
    • List of Articles Classifier

      • Open Access Article

        1 - Tracking Performance of Semi-Supervised Large Margin Classifiers in Automatic Modulation Classification
        Hamidreza Hosseinzadeh Farbod Razzazi Afrooz Haghbin
        Automatic modulation classification (AMC) in detected signals is an intermediate step between signal detection and demodulation, and is also an essential task for an intelligent receiver in various civil and military applications. In this paper, we propose a semi-superv More
        Automatic modulation classification (AMC) in detected signals is an intermediate step between signal detection and demodulation, and is also an essential task for an intelligent receiver in various civil and military applications. In this paper, we propose a semi-supervised Large margin AMC and evaluate it on tracking the received signal to noise ratio (SNR) changes to classify all forms of signals in a cognitive radio environment. To achieve this objective, two structures for self-training of large margin classifiers were developed in additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels with priori unknown SNR. A suitable combination of the higher order statistics and instantaneous characteristics of digital modulation are selected as effective features. Simulation results show that adding unlabeled input samples to the training set, improve the tracking capacity of the presented system to robust against environmental SNR changes. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Early Detection of Pediatric Heart Disease by Automated Spectral Analysis of Phonocardiogram
        Azra Rasouli Kenari
        Early recognition of heart disease is an important goal in pediatrics. Developing countries have a large population of children living with undiagnosed heart murmurs. As a result of an accompanying skills shortage, most of these children will not get the necessary treat More
        Early recognition of heart disease is an important goal in pediatrics. Developing countries have a large population of children living with undiagnosed heart murmurs. As a result of an accompanying skills shortage, most of these children will not get the necessary treatment. Taking into account that heart auscultation remains the dominant method for heart examination in the small health centers of the rural areas and generally in primary healthcare setups, the enhancement of this technique would aid significantly in the diagnosis of heart diseases. The detection of murmurs from phonocardiographic recordings is an interesting problem that has been addressed before using a wide variety of techniques. We designed a system for automatically detecting systolic murmurs due to a variety of conditions. This could enable health care providers in developing countries with tools to screen large amounts of children without the need for expensive equipment or specialist skills. For this purpose an algorithm was designed and tested to detect heart murmurs in digitally recorded signals. Cardiac auscultatory examinations of 93 children were recorded, digitized, and stored along with corresponding echocardiographic diagnoses, and automated spectral analysis using discrete wavelet transforms was performed. Patients without heart disease and either no murmur or an innocent murmur (n = 40) were compared to patients with a variety of cardiac diagnoses and a pathologic systolic murmur present (n = 53). A specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 90.57% were achieved using signal processing techniques and a k-nn as classifier. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Instance Based Sparse Classifier Fusion for Speaker Verification
        Mohammad Hasheminejad Hassan Farsi
        This paper focuses on the problem of ensemble classification for text-independent speaker verification. Ensemble classification is an efficient method to improve the performance of the classification system. This method gains the advantage of a set of expert classifiers More
        This paper focuses on the problem of ensemble classification for text-independent speaker verification. Ensemble classification is an efficient method to improve the performance of the classification system. This method gains the advantage of a set of expert classifiers. A speaker verification system gets an input utterance and an identity claim, then verifies the claim in terms of a matching score. This score determines the resemblance of the input utterance and pre-enrolled target speakers. Since there is a variety of information in a speech signal, state-of-the-art speaker verification systems use a set of complementary classifiers to provide a reliable decision about the verification. Such a system receives some scores as input and takes a binary decision: accept or reject the claimed identity. Most of the recent studies on the classifier fusion for speaker verification used a weighted linear combination of the base classifiers. The corresponding weights are estimated using logistic regression. Additional researches have been performed on ensemble classification by adding different regularization terms to the logistic regression formulae. However, there are missing points in this type of ensemble classification, which are the correlation of the base classifiers and the superiority of some base classifiers for each test instance. We address both problems, by an instance based classifier ensemble selection and weight determination method. Our extensive studies on NIST 2004 speaker recognition evaluation (SRE) corpus in terms of EER, minDCF and minCLLR show the effectiveness of the proposed method. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - The Separation of Radar Clutters using Multi-Layer Perceptron
        Mohammad Akhondi Darzikolaei Ataollah Ebrahimzadeh Elahe Gholami
        Clutter usually has negative influence on the detection performance of radars. So, the recognition of clutters is crucial to detect targets and the role of clutters in detection cannot be ignored. The design of radar detectors and clutter classifiers are really complica More
        Clutter usually has negative influence on the detection performance of radars. So, the recognition of clutters is crucial to detect targets and the role of clutters in detection cannot be ignored. The design of radar detectors and clutter classifiers are really complicated issues. Therefore, in this paper aims to classify radar clutters. The novel proposed MLP-based classifier for separating radar clutters is introduced. This classifier is designed with different hidden layers and five training algorithms. These training algorithms consist of Levenberg-Marquardt, conjugate gradient, resilient back-propagation, BFGS and one step secant algorithms. Statistical distributions are established models which widely used in the performance calculations of radar clutters. Hence In this research, Rayleigh, Log normal, Weibull and K-distribution clutters are utilized as input data. Then Burg’s reflection coefficients, skewness and kurtosis are three features which applied to extract the best characteristics of input data. In the next step, the proposed classifier is tested in different conditions and the results represent that the proposed MLP-based classifier is very successful and can distinguish clutters with high accuracy. Comparing the results of proposed technique and RBF-based classifier show that proposed method is more efficient. The results of simulations prove that the validity of MLP-based method. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - An Experimental Study on Performance of Text Representation Models for Sentiment Analysis
        Sajjad Jahanbakhsh Gudakahriz Amir Masoud Eftekhari Moghaddam Fariborz Mahmoudi
        Sentiment analysis in social networks has been an active research field since 2000 and it is highly useful in the decision-making process of various domains and applications. In sentiment analysis, the goal is to analyze the opinion texts posted in social networks and o More
        Sentiment analysis in social networks has been an active research field since 2000 and it is highly useful in the decision-making process of various domains and applications. In sentiment analysis, the goal is to analyze the opinion texts posted in social networks and other web-based resources to extract the necessary information from them. The data collected from various social networks and web sites do not possess a structured format, and this unstructured format is the main challenge for facing such data. It is necessary to represent the texts in the form of a text representation model to be able to analyze the content to overcome this challenge. Afterward, the required analysis can be done. The research on text modeling started a few decades ago, and so far, various models have been proposed for performing this modeling process. The main purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of a number of commons and famous text representation models for sentiment analysis. This evaluation is carried out by using these models for sentiment classification by ensemble methods. An ensemble classifier is used for sentiment classification and after preprocessing, the texts is represented by selected models. The selected models for this study are TF-IDF, LSA, Word2Vec, and Doc2Vec and the used evaluation measures are Accuracy, Precision, Recall, and F-Measure. The results of the study show that in general, the Doc2Vec model provides better performance compared to other models in sentiment analysis and at best, accuracy is 0.72. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        6 - AI based Computational Trust Model for Intelligent Virtual Assistant
        Babu Kumar Ajay Vikram Singh Parul  Agarwal
        The Intelligent virtual assistant (IVA) also called AI assistant or digital assistant is software developed as a product by organizations like Google, Apple, Microsoft and Amazon. Virtual assistant based on Artificial Intelligence which works and processes on natural la More
        The Intelligent virtual assistant (IVA) also called AI assistant or digital assistant is software developed as a product by organizations like Google, Apple, Microsoft and Amazon. Virtual assistant based on Artificial Intelligence which works and processes on natural language commands given by humans. It helps the user to work more efficiently and also saves time. It is human friendly as it works on natural language commands given by humans. Voice-controlled Intelligent Virtual Assistants (IVAs) have seen gigantic development as of late on cell phones and as independent gadgets in individuals’ homes. The intelligent virtual assistant is very useful for illiterate and visually impaired people around the world. While research has analyzed the expected advantages and downsides of these gadgets for IVA clients, barely any investigations have exactly assessed the need of security and trust as a singular choice to use IVAs. In this proposed work, different IPA users and non-users (N=1000) are surveyed to understand and analyze the barriers and motivations to adopting IPAs and how users are concerned about data privacy and trust with respect to organizational compliances and social contract related to IPA data and how these concerns have affected the acceptance and use of IPAs. We have used Naïve Byes Classifier to compute trust in IVA devices and further evaluate probability of using different trusted IVA devices. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        7 - An Effective Method of Feature Selection in Persian Text for Improving the Accuracy of Detecting Request in Persian Messages on Telegram
        zahra khalifeh zadeh Mohammad Ali Zare Chahooki
        In recent years, data received from social media has increased exponentially. They have become valuable sources of information for many analysts and businesses to expand their business. Automatic document classification is an essential step in extracting knowledge from More
        In recent years, data received from social media has increased exponentially. They have become valuable sources of information for many analysts and businesses to expand their business. Automatic document classification is an essential step in extracting knowledge from these sources of information. In automatic text classification, words are assessed as a set of features. Selecting useful features from each text reduces the size of the feature vector and improves classification performance. Many algorithms have been applied for the automatic classification of text. Although all the methods proposed for other languages are applicable and comparable, studies on classification and feature selection in the Persian text have not been sufficiently carried out. The present research is conducted in Persian, and the introduction of a Persian dataset is a part of its innovation. In the present article, an innovative approach is presented to improve the performance of Persian text classification. The authors extracted 85,000 Persian messages from the Idekav-system, which is a Telegram search engine. The new idea presented in this paper to process and classify this textual data is on the basis of the feature vector expansion by adding some selective features using the most extensively used feature selection methods based on Local and Global filters. The new feature vector is then filtered by applying the secondary feature selection. The secondary feature selection phase selects more appropriate features among those added from the first step to enhance the effect of applying wrapper methods on classification performance. In the third step, the combined filter-based methods and the combination of the results of different learning algorithms have been used to achieve higher accuracy. At the end of the three selection stages, a method was proposed that increased accuracy up to 0.945 and reduced training time and calculations in the Persian dataset. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        8 - Breast Cancer Classification Approaches - A Comparative Analysis
        Mohan Kumar Sunil Kumar Khatri Masoud Mohammadian
        Cancer of the breast is a difficult disease to treat since it weakens the patient's immune system. Particular interest has lately been shown in the identification of particular immune signals for a variety of malignancies in this regard. In recent years, several methods More
        Cancer of the breast is a difficult disease to treat since it weakens the patient's immune system. Particular interest has lately been shown in the identification of particular immune signals for a variety of malignancies in this regard. In recent years, several methods for predicting cancer based on proteomic datasets and peptides have been published. The cells turns into cancerous cells because of various reasons and get spread very quickly while detrimental to normal cells. In this regard, identifying specific immunity signs for a range of cancers has recently gained a lot of interest. Accurately categorizing and compartmentalizing the breast cancer subtype is a vital job. Computerized systems built on artificial intelligence can substantially save time and reduce inaccuracy. Several strategies for predicting cancer utilizing proteomic datasets and peptides have been reported in the literature in recent years.It is critical to classify and categorize breast cancer treatments correctly. It's possible to save time while simultaneously minimizing the likelihood of mistakes using machine learning and artificial intelligence approaches. Using the Wisconsin Breast Cancer Diagnostic dataset, this study evaluates the performance of various classification methods, including SVC, ETC, KNN, LR, and RF (random forest). Breast cancer can be detected and diagnosed using a variety of measurements of data (which are discussed in detail in the article) (WBCD). The goal is to determine how well each algorithm performs in terms of precision, recall, and accuracy. The variation of each classification threshold has been tested on various algorithms and SVM turned out to be very promising. Manuscript profile